---
title: "IS4 in R: Stats Starts Here (Chapter 1)"
author: "Patrick Frenett, Vickie Ip, and Nicholas Horton (nhorton@amherst.edu)"
date: "June 19, 2018"
output:
pdf_document:
fig_height: 4
fig_width: 6
html_document:
fig_height: 3
fig_width: 5
word_document:
fig_height: 4
fig_width: 6
---
```{r, include = FALSE}
# Don't delete this chunk if you are using the mosaic package
# This loads the mosaic and dplyr packages
require(mosaic)
```
```{r, include = FALSE}
# knitr settings to control how R chunks work.
require(knitr)
opts_chunk$set(
tidy = FALSE, # display code as typed
size = "small" # slightly smaller font for code
)
```
## Introduction and background
This document is intended to help describe how to undertake analyses introduced
as examples in the Fourth Edition of *Intro Stats* (2013) by De Veaux, Velleman, and Bock.
More information about the book can be found at http://wps.aw.com/aw_deveaux_stats_series. This
file as well as the associated R Markdown reproducible analysis source file used to create it can be found at https://nhorton.people.amherst.edu/is4.
This work leverages initiatives undertaken by Project MOSAIC (http://www.mosaic-web.org), an NSF-funded effort to improve the teaching of statistics, calculus, science and computing in the undergraduate curriculum. In particular, we utilize the `mosaic` package, which was written to simplify the use of R for introductory statistics courses. A short summary of the R needed to teach introductory statistics can be found in the mosaic package vignettes (http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/mosaic). A paper describing the mosaic approach was published in the *R Journal*: https://journal.r-project.org/archive/2017/RJ-2017-024.
## Chapter 1: Stats Starts Here
### Section 1.1: What is Statistics?
### Section 1.2: Data
### Section 1.3: Variables
See table on page 7.
```{r message = FALSE}
library(mosaic)
library(readr)
options(digits = 3)
Tour <- read.delim("https://nhorton.people.amherst.edu/sdm4/data/Tour_de_France_2014.txt",
sep = "\t", stringsAsFactors = FALSE)
```
```{r}
names(Tour)
dim(Tour)
head(Tour, 3)
tail(Tour, 8)
```
#### Let's find who was the winner in 1998
```{r}
filter(Tour, Year == 1998)
```
#### How many stages were there the years Alberto Contador won the tour?
```{r}
filter(Tour, Winner == "Contador Alberto")
```
Note that the following commands generate the same output:
```{r}
Tour %>%
filter(Winner == "Contador Alberto")
```
The pipe operator ('%>%') can be used to connect one dataframe or command to another.
#### What was the slowest average speed of any tour? Fastest?
```{r}
filter(Tour, Average.Speed == min(Average.Speed))
filter(Tour, Average.Speed == max(Average.Speed))
```
#### What can we say about the Average Speeds?
```{r}
df_stats(~ Average.Speed, data = Tour)
```